Political scientists named the best and worst regions of Russia in terms of quality of governance

Khakassia and Kalmykia headed the anti-topop for the quality of management of the APEC: Khakassia and Kalmykia headed the anti-top of the regions for the quality of management In 2021, Kalmykia was among the anti-leaders in management. Moscow rose from seventh to second place among the leading regions. The average indicator of management quality as a whole has not changed, APEC experts say

Governor of the Tyumen Region Alexander Moor

The most manageable

The Tyumen Region took the first place among the Russian regions in terms of the quality of management, as well as a year ago, the second place was taken by Moscow, which rose by five points, & mdash; These are the results of the study “ IX rating of management efficiency in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in 2021 '', conducted by the Agency for Political and Economic Communications (APEC; RBK has the document).

Tula region dropped from second place to fourth, Belgorod & mdash; from fourth to fifth. Chechnya also dropped one point. The Chelyabinsk Region entered the top 10 best in terms of the quality of regional management, which took eighth place (compared to 13th last year). Sakhalin Oblast, which previously occupied tenth place, dropped to 14th.

Resource regions often become leaders among the subjects, but it is important that their authorities know how to manage these resources, said Rostislav Turovsky, co-author of the study, regionalist, to RBC. “ There are examples of poorer regions that achieve managerial success, & mdash; he stressed. & mdash; Often this is not influenced by the change of governor, that is, we are talking about a successfully operating system. ''

The indicators of management efficiency in the constituent entities were assessed according to criteria divided into three blocks: political and managerial, social and financial and economic. The final overall rating & mdash; it is a generalization of the indicators of these blocks (their arithmetic mean). 204 experts took part in assessing the effectiveness of management in the regions. When making an assessment, their opinions and statistical indicators of the region were taken into account.

As criteria for assessing the political and administrative block, in particular, the level of support for the head of the region and the result of United Russia were analyzed. in regional elections. In the social block, among other things, the provision of a subject with doctors, budget expenditures on education and other factors were taken into account. In the financial and economic block, such indicators as the level of debt burden on the regional budget and the quality of budget management were assessed.

Among the leaders of the rating, only one region raises questions – & mdash; Belgorod region, because Vyacheslav Gladkov has been running it for a little over a year, “ this period seems insufficient for the highest ratings, '' political analyst Konstantin Kalachev told RBC. “ The Tyumen region takes the first place quite deservedly, the second place of Moscow has a convincing justification, & mdash; he continues. & mdash; The successes of the Tula region are evident. ''

Over the year, the most noticeable rise in the ranking was the Nizhny Novgorod Region & mdash; from 32nd to 20th place. This may be due to the large-scale celebration of the 800th anniversary of the capital of the region (about 32 billion rubles were spent on it), the report says. At the same time, the total number of subjects of the Federation with an average score of management quality over 0.7 (the maximum score is & mdash; 1) fell from 29 to 10 over the year.

Difficult to manage

The last line in the APEC rating, as in the previous year, was taken by Khakassia. Ingushetia and Kalmykia, as well as Buryatia, which were previously at the bottom of the list, also fell into the group of outsiders. Kalmykia, being in the penultimate place, like Khakassia, received the final efficiency score below 0.5. Among the most problematic regions are two more Siberian republics & mdash; Tuva and Altai. Karelia and North Ossetia have left the group of outsiders, and Ossetia has risen to a relatively high 69th place.

Khakassia's position in the rating is not surprising, political analyst Kalachev believes. “ The quality and efficiency of regional governance can be considered a rationale and explanation for the upcoming resignations, & mdash; he told RBC. & mdash; It is not surprising that Khakassia is an outsider, since the resignation of [Communist Governor Valentin] Konovalov is predictable and expected. ”

Arkhangelsk, Volgograd, Kurgan, Novosibirsk regions and the Jewish Autonomous Region are also among the regions that occupy the lower positions in the list. Four more regions worsened their positions and dropped into this group, including the Khabarovsk Territory, where, as a result of regional elections, Mikhail Degtyarev took the place of Sergei Furgal, who is under investigation. In addition, the positions of the Oryol region and two republics of the Volga Federal District have worsened & mdash; Mari El and Udmurtia. At the same time, Irkutsk and Vladimir regions, as well as Karachay-Cherkessia, managed to leave the problem group.

In the regions that hit the bottom lines of the rating, there are both objective problems and failures in management, weakness of personnel policy, lack of a “ bench, '' says political analyst Kalachev. “ The head of Buryatia, Alexei Tsydenov, who does not have sufficient experience and skills, but at the same time the overly conflicted head of Kalmykia Batu Khasikov, an experienced official Oleg Horokhordin, whose personal rating in the Altai Republic leaves much to be desired '' real outsiders in matters of management efficiency & raquo;, & mdash; he added.

In the summer of 2021, the National Credit Ratings Agency; (NKR), commissioned by RBC, prepared a list of regions by living standards. The leaders were Moscow and St. Petersburg, the Belgorod region, the Moscow region and the Voronezh region. The leader of the APEC rating, the Tyumen region (its capital previously topped the rating of management efficiency in urban districts) came in eighth place. At the very bottom of the list were Tyva, Karachay-Cherkessia, Altai and Kalmykia, as well as the Jewish Autonomous Region. Moscow, St. Petersburg and the Tyumen region were also included in the list of the most “ alarming '' regions, according to CROS. & laquo; National Republics & mdash; these are usually regions with weak economies and no less weak management elites, and the change of heads there does not change much, in this case & mdash; for the better & raquo;, & mdash; Turovsky, the co-author of the study, told RBC.

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